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2018-10-31 07:15 CET
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AIR FRANCE - KLM : RESULTS THIRD QUARTER 2018

31 October 2018
RESULTS AS AT 30 SEPTEMBER 2018
Good resilience of operating result thanks to revenue performance  and unit cost reduction

THIRD QUARTER 2018
Air France-KLM commercial teams delivered a strong performance across all business segments:

  • Number of passengers carried at 28.5 million up 2.3% compared to last year,
  • Group unit revenue up 2.0% at constant currency,
  • Strong revenue growth of 4.0%, with 5.8% at constant currency.

The Group posted a solid operating result thanks to unit cost reduction and revenue growth that helped to absorb fuel and currency headwinds:

  • Operating result at 1,065 million euros, 77 million euros lower than last year[1], but 11 million euros higher at constant currency,
  • Unit costs reduced by -1.0% at constant currency, fuel and pension charges1.

The Group net debt has been reduced by 222 million euros compared to 31 December 20171 at 6.3 billion euros, and the net debt/EBITDA ratio remained stable at 1.4x.
The Group repurchased €197m of hybrid bonds, resulting in a reduction of its future coupons.

On 19 October 2018, Air France and its representative unions signed a pay agreement. Pilots' categorical negotiations will open next week.

OUTLOOK FOR FULL YEAR 2018
The Group will continue to work on yield improvement within the context of an increased fuel price:

  • Based on the current outlook and a demand environment that remains positively oriented, we expect Passenger network revenues to increase in the fourth quarter 2018, with long haul forward booking load factors ahead of last year and Passenger unit revenues stable at constant currency.

The unit cost target is confirmed at between 0% and +1.0% at constant currency, fuel and pension charges.

The Board of Directors of Air France-KLM, chaired by Anne-Marie Couderc, met on 29 October 2018 to approve the financial statements for the first nine months of 2018.

Benjamin Smith, CEO of Air France-KLM and Air France, commented: "Air France-KLM posted a solid performance in the Summer quarter 2018, reflecting the commitment of all its staff, its commercial strengths and the attractiveness of its brands. The agreement on salaries signed at Air France brings stability as well as new perspectives for our businesses and employees. In the coming months, I am confident that we will be able to leverage our Group's strengths and assets to build an ambitious and innovative strategy to ensure the success of our airlines and reposition Air France-KLM as the leader of our industry."

Air France-KLM Group Third Quarter Nine Months
2018 Change1 2018 Change1
Passengers (thousands) 28,531 +2.3% 76,985 +2.6%
Unit revenue per ASK[2] (€ cts) 7.05 +2.0% 6.65 +1.6%
Operating result (€m) 1,065 -77 1,292 -403
Net income - Group part[3] (€m) 786 +145 627 -464
Operating free cash flow (€m) -14 -135 127 -652
Net debt at end of period (€m)     6,349 -222

Third quarter 2018 business review 

Network: Commercial teams leveraging strong Summer demand

Network Third Quarter Nine Months
2018 Change Change
constant currency
2018 Change Change
constant currency
Capacity (EASK m) 87,948 +1.9%   246,874 +1.5%  
Total revenues (€m) 6,430 +3.0% +5.1% 17,216 +0.9% +4.1%
Scheduled revenues (€m) 6,099 +2.0% +4.2% 16,328 +0.2% +3.5%
Unit revenue per EASK (€ cts) 6.94 +0.1% +2.2% 6.61 -1.2% +2.0%
Unit cost per EASK (€ cts) 6.01 +2.0% +2.6% 6.23 +1.4% +4.1%
Operating result (€m) 810 -76 +14 960 -397 -272

In the third quarter 2018, capacity increased by 1.9%. Thanks to the strong performance of the commercial teams, network revenues rose by 5.1% at constant currency compared to last year. The key driver for this growth was a positive unit revenue performance from both the Passenger and Cargo activities.

The combined Passenger and Cargo operating result amounted to 810 million euros for the third quarter 2018, an increase of 14 million euros at constant currency compared to last year.

Passenger: Strong performance from the North American and Asian routes, demand out of Brazil and Argentina impacted by currency depreciation

  Third Quarter Nine Months
Passenger network 2018 Change Change
constant currency
2018 Change Change
constant currency
Passengers (thousands) 23,369 +1.9%   64,509 +2.0%  
Capacity (ASK m) 78,219 +2.0%   219,214 +1.7%  
Traffic (RPK m) 70,033 +2.4%   192,570 +2.6%  
Load factor  89.5% +0.4 pt   87.8% +0.7 pt  
Total passenger revenues (€m) 5,864 +2.5% +4.7% 15,564 +0.6% +3.8%
Scheduled passenger revenues (€m) 5,608 +1.6% +3.8% 14,894 -0.0% +3.2%
Unit revenue per ASK (€ cts) 7.17 -0.4% +1.8% 6.79 -1.7% +1.5%

Third quarter 2018 capacity increased by 2.0%, resulting in traffic growth of 2.4%.
Thanks to vigorous sales efforts and revenue management steering, the Group managed to improve the overall passenger unit revenue1 which increased by 1.8%, despite a strong comparable third quarter 2017.
The long-haul network delivered a solid performance with a 0.4 pt increase in load factor to 89.5% and a unit revenue1 increase of 1.9% for the quarter. The North America, Asia and Africa & Middle East networks were positively oriented with unit revenue1 increases of respectively 3.8%, 2.5% and 2.8%. In Latin America, the Group's capacity was expanded by 7.7%, this growth was mainly coming from the route openings to Forteleza by Joon and KLM. However, demand out of Brasil and Argentina was weaker than expected having been impacted by the depreciations of their currencies, resulting in a -2.4% decline in unit revenue1 for the Latin America network. The Caribbean and Indian Ocean network's unit revenue1 was flat.

 The Medium-haul network's performance was positive, with a unit revenue1 increase of 2.1%. On the medium-haul hub network, the unit revenue1 was up 3.3%, with both hubs contributing positively. On the point-to-point network in France, the unit revenue1 was down 3.0% with the ongoing competitive pressure from rail.

Cargo: continuation of a solid unit revenue performance

  Third Quarter Nine Months
Cargo business 2018 Change Change
constant currency
2018 Change Change
constant currency
Tons (thousands) 289 +3.5%   834 -0.4%  
Capacity (ATK m) 3,787 +1.6%   10,734 -0.1%  
Traffic (RTK m) 2,204 +3.7%   6,336 +0.3%  
Load factor  58.2% +1.1 pt   59.0% +0.3 pt  
Total Cargo revenues (€m) 567 +8.8% +9.4% 1,654 +4.5% +7.8%
Scheduled cargo revenues (€m) 491 +7.9% +8.5% 1,434 +3.2% +6.6%
Unit revenue per ATK (€ cts ) 12.97 +6.1% +6.7% 13.36 +3.3% +6.8%

Cargo capacity rose by 1.6% compared to last year within a buoyant demand environment particularly in Asia and North America. Despite some difficult local market circumstances, Latin America also performed well.
Revenue management steering generated higher yields in both full freighters and bellies, resulting in an unit revenue1 increase by 6.7% in the quarter.

The new digital customer platform is proving succesful and contributing to sales growth, with an increase in the direct sales channel. Electronic Air Way Bill (E-AWB) usage by our customers rose to a level of 73% in the third quarter 2018.

Transavia: Capacity growth and a unit revenue increase offset a higher fuel bill, leading to an operating result at 178 million euros and a margin of 29%

  Third Quarter Nine Months
Transavia 2018 Change 2018 Change
Passengers (thousands) 5,162 +4.1% 12,476 +6.0%
Capacity (ASK m) 10,082 +5.8% 24,033 +6.8%
Traffic (RPK m) 9,363 +5.8% 22,193 +8.8%
Load factor  92.9% +0.0 pt 92.3% +1.7 pt
Total passenger revenues (€m) 615 +10.6% 1,302 +12.2%
Unit revenue per ASK (€ cts) 6.09 +4.5% 5.37 +5.0%
Unit cost per ASK (€ cts) 4.33 +7.8% 4.62 +4.0%
Operating result (€m) 178 +5 181 +28

Transavia carried 5.1 million passengers in the third quarter 2018, an increase of 4.1% compared to last year. Despite the tough comparable base (Q3 2017 unit revenue up 9.3%), this quarter's unit revenue increased by 4.5% compared to last year.
The third quarter 2018 operating result stood at 178 million euros, an improvement of 5 million euros compared to last year.
In particular, Transavia France delivered a very strong quarter with capacity growth of 17% combined with higher unit revenues boosting its operating margin to above 30%.

Maintenance: Strong increase in third-party revenues

  Third Quarter Nine Months
Maintenance 2018 Change Change
constant currency
2018 Change Change
constant currency
Total revenues (€m) 1,061 +2.5%   3,143 +2.5%  
Third party revenues (€m) 489 +9.4% +9.7% 1,430 +7.0% +14.0%
Operating result  (€m) 77 -5 -5 149 -39 -22
Operating margin (%) 7.2% -0.6 pt -0.6 pt 4.7% -1.4 pt -1.1 pt

Maintenance revenues increased in the third quarter 2018 compared to last year, with third-party revenues up by 9.7% at constant currency, driven by a strong performance from the Engine activity. The operating margin expressed as a percentage of total revenues stood at 7.2%, a decrease of 0.6 points at constant currency.  

The Maintenance order book stood at 10.7 billion dollars at the end of the third quarter 2018, an increase of 0.3 billion dollars compared to the end of 2017, mainly driven by new Component and Engine contracts.

 Air France-KLM Group: revenue growth of +4.0% and +5.8% at constant currency, operating result at 1.07 Billion euros

  Third Quarter Nine Months
  2018 Change Change
constant currency
2018 Change Change
constant currency
Capacity (EASK m) 98,030 +2.3%   270,908 +1.9%  
Capacity excl. Cargo (ASK m) 88,301 +2.4%   243,247 +2.2%  
Unit revenue per EASK (€ cts) 6.85 +0.5% +2.4% 6.5 -0.9% +2.1%
Revenues (€m) 7,545 +4.0% +5.8% 19,977 +2.0% +5.3%
EBITDA (€m) 1,771 -  82 6 3,441 -  352 -  210
Operating result (€m) 1,065 -  77 11 1,292 -  403 -  267
Operating margin (%) 14.1% -1.6 pt -0.7 pt 6.5% -2.2 pt -1.7 pt
Net income - Group part (€m)1 786 +145   627 -464  

In the third quarter 2018, the Air France-KLM Group operating result proved resilient, standing at 1,065 million euros, down -77 million euros compared to last year but up 11 million euros at constant currency.

The strong sales performance and efforts to reduce unit cost helped to offset the major portion of the fuel and currency headwinds. Unit revenue and unit cost contributed positively with a respective 155 million euros and 55 million euros.

The fuel bill including fuel hedging amounted to 1,377 million euros, up 229 million euros, and up 223 million euros at constant currency, due to the increase in the jet fuel price. The positive fuel hedge result realized in third quarter 2018 stood at 240 million euros.

Currencies had a negative 128 million euro impact on revenues and a positive impact on costs of 40 million euros including currency hedging. The net impact of currencies thus amounted to a negative 88 million euros for the third quarter 2018.

Unit cost down 1%, consistent with full year target range of 0 to +1%
On a constant currency, fuel price and pension-related expense basis, unit costs were down -1.0% in the third quarter 2018.
For the first nine months of 2018, the pay agreement signed in Air France on 19 October 2018 will have an impact of around 40 millions euros that will be booked in the fourth quarter 2018.

Staff costs stable and improved labor productivity supported by capacity increase
Productivity, measured in EASK per FTE, increased by 0.6% while capacity increased by 2.3%.
The number of staff increased by 1,400 FTEs including +250 Pilots and +300 Cabin Crew in response to the capacity growth. Ground staff increased by 850 FTEs, mainly driven by IT Innovation department, third party activities in E&M and the Customer Centers.
Net employee costs in the third quarter 2018 were down 0.6% compared to last year. They would have been stable including the costs for the quarter of the new Air France pay agreement.

Net debt reduction in the first nine months of 2018

  Third Quarter Nine Months
In € million 2018 Change 2018 Change
Cash flow before change in WCR and Voluntary Departure Plans, continuing operations (€m) 1,594 -47 3,028 -269
Cash out related to Voluntary Departure Plans (€m) -12 +15 -133 -33
Change in Working Capital Requirement (WCR) (€m) -823 -168 10 -181
Net cash flow from operating activities (€m) 759 -200 2,905 -483
Net investments before sale & lease-back* (€m) -554 +43 -2,042 -179
Operating free cash flow (€m) 205 -157 863 -662
Reduction of lease debt -219 22 -736 10
Adjusted operating free cash flow ** -14 -135 127 -652

* Sum of 'Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets' and 'Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets' as presented in the consolidated cash flow statement.
** The "Adjusted operating free cash" is Operating free cash flow" with deduction of the repayment of lease debt.

Adjusted operating free cash flow a positive 127 million euros for the first nine months of 2018
The Group generated adjusted operating free cash flow of 127 million euros in the first nine months of 2018, a reduction of 652 million euros compared to last year. The decline resulted from the strike impact and a net 221 million euro increase in investments.

Net debt reduction driven by adjusted operating free cash flow generation and repayment of lease debt

In € million 30 Sep 2018 31 Dec 2017
Net debt 6,349 6,571
EBITDA1 4,425 4,779
Net debt/EBITDA1 1.4 x 1.4 x

In the third quarter 2018 the group repurchased 197 million euros of hybrid perpetual notes2, resulting in a net reduction of coupons by 11 million euros up to October 2020. Since these hybrid bonds had not been recognised as debt, their repurchase had a negative impact on net debt.
Despite this impact, the Group reduced net debt to 6,349 million euros ar 30 September 2018 versus 6,571 million euros at 31 December 2017. This 222 million euros reduction was driven by operating free cash flow generation and the repayment of lease debt.
The net debt/EBITDA ratio remained stable at 1.4x at 30 September 2018 compared to 31 December 2017.

Both Air France and KLM delivered robust growth and margins over the Summer

  Third Quarter Nine Months
  2018 Change 2018 Change
Air France Group (€m) 493 -66 328 -418
Operating margin (%) 10.8% -1.9 pt 2.7% -3.5 pt
KLM Group (€m) 573 -15 960 -7
Operating margin (%) 18.4% -1.5 pt 11.6% -0.7 pt

Outlook

The global context remains uncertain given the current geopolitical environment and rising fuel price trends.
             
As a consequence, the following guidance components have been adjusted for full year 2018:

  • Capacity increase adjusted at 2.0% to 2.5% for the Passenger network.
  • The 2018 fuel bill is expected to increase by 500 million euros compared to last year1, and the 2019 fuel bill is expected to increase by 900 million euros compared to 20181.
  • Investment plan within 2.4 billion euro to 2.6 billion euro range, mainly due to IFRS 16 shop visit capitalization adjustment and the decision to buy rather than lease engines.

Based on the current outlook and a demand environment that remains positively oriented, we expect Passenger network revenues to increase in the fourth quarter 2018, with long haul forward booking load factors ahead of last year and Passenger unit revenues stable at constant currency.

The Group maintains unchanged the following guidance components for full year 2018:

  • Unit cost target maintained at between 0% and +1.0% at constant currency, fuel and pension charges,
  • Net debt reduction compared to 31 December 2017,
  • Currency headwind of around 150 million euros.

*****

The Third Quarter 2018 financial statements have not been audited by the Statutory Auditors.

The results presentation will be available at www.airfranceklm.com from 7:15 am CET on 31 October 2018.

A conference call will be hosted by Benjamin Smith and Frédéric Gagey on 31 October 2018 at 8:00am CET.
To connect to the conference call, please dial:

  • France: +33 (0)1 76 77 22 57
  • Netherlands: +31 (0) 20 703 8261
  • UK: +44 (0)330 336 9411
  • US: +1 323 994 2093

Confirmation code: 2089016

To listen to the audio-replay of the conference call, please dial:

  • France: +33 (0) 1 70 48 00 94
  • Netherlands: +31 (0) 20 721 8903
  • UK: +44 (0) 207 660 0134
  • US: +1 719-457-0820

Confirmation code: 2089016

Investor Relations                                                                                          Press
Marie-Agnès de Peslouan                   Wouter van Beek                                                       
+33 1 49 89 52 59                                 +33 1 49 89 52 60                                 +33 1 41 56 56 00
madepeslouan@airfranceklm.com        Wouter-van.Beek@airfranceklm.com
                       

Income Statement

  Third Quarter Nine Months
In millions euros 2018 2017 Change 2018 2017 Change
Sales 7,544 7,256 +4.0% 19,976 19,588 +2.0%
Other revenues 1 1 +0.0% 1 1 +0.0%
Revenues 7,545 7,257 +4.0% 19,977 19,589 +2.0%
Aircraft fuel -1,377 -1,148 +19.9% -3,622 -3,428 +5.7%
Chartering costs -158 -132 +19.7% -434 -388 +11.9%
Landing fees and en route charges -513 -513 +0.0% -1,419 -1,445 -1.8%
Catering -211 -214 -1.4% -586 -602 -2.7%
Handling charges and other operating costs -501 -457 +9.6% -1,481 -1,313 +12.8%
Aircraft maintenance costs -586 -594 -1.3% -1,769 -1,779 -0.6%
Commercial and distribution costs -266 -234 +13.7% -776 -700 +10.9%
Other external expenses -399 -332 +20.2% -1,223 -1,057 +15.7%
Salaries and related costs -1,916 -1,927 -0.6% -5,728 -5,652 +1.3%
Taxes other than income taxes -40 -39 +2.6% -127 -122 +4.1%
Other income and expenses 193 186 +3.8% 629 690 -8.8%
EBITDA 1,771 1,853 -4.4% 3,441 3,793 -9.3%
Amortization, depreciation and provisions -707 -711 -0.6% -2,149 -2,098 +2.4%
Income from current operations 1,065 1,142 -6.7% 1,292 1,695 -23.8%
Sales of aircraft equipment 3 -2 nm -1 19 nm
Other non-current income and expenses 18 -313 nm -5 -326 -98.5%
Income from operating activities 1,085 827 +31.2% 1,286 1,388 -7.3%
Cost of financial debt -118 -145 -18.6% -354 -443 -20.1%
Income from cash and cash equivalent 9 7 +28.6% 29 27 +7.4%
Net cost of financial debt -109 -138 -21.0% -325 -416 -21.9%
Other financial income and expenses -61 164 nm -135 538 nm
Income before tax 915 853 +7.3% 826 1,510 -45.3%
Income taxes -136 -220 -38.2% -203 -425 -52.2%
Net income of consolidated companies 780 633 +23.2% 623 1,085 -42.6%
Share of profits (losses) of associates 7 9 -22.2% 6 16 -62.5%
Income from continuing operations 787 643 +22.4% 629 1,102 -42.9%
Net income from discontinued operations 0 0 nm 0 -8 -100.0%
Net income for the period 787 642 +22.6% 629 1,093 -42.5%
Non-controlling interest -1 -2 -50.0% -2 -3 -33.3%
Net income for the period - Group part 786 641 +22.6% 627 1,091 -42.5%

Consolidated Balance Sheet

Assets 30 Sep 2018 31 Dec 2017
In million euros
Goodwill 217 216
Intangible assets 1,174 1,122
Flight equipment 10,187 9,634
Other property, plant and equipment 1,462 1,418
Right-of-use assets 5,361 5,915
Investments in equity associates 299 301
Pension assets 768 590
Other financial assets 1,499 1,242
Deferred tax assets 255 422
Other non-current assets 348 239
Total non-current assets 21,570 21,099
Assets held for sale 0 0
Other short-term financial assets 327 421
Inventories 676 557
Trade receivables 2,621 2,164
Other current assets 1,743 1,242
Cash and cash equivalents 3,891 4,674
Total current assets 9,258 9,058
Total assets 30,828 30,157

Liabilities and equity 30 Sep 2018 31 Dec 2017
In million euros
Issued capital 429 429
Additional paid-in capital 4,139 4,139
Treasury shares -67 -67
Perpetual 403 600
Reserves and retained earnings -1,626 -2,713
Equity attributable to equity holders of Air France-KLM 3,278 2,388
Non-controlling interests 14 12
Total Equity 3,292 2,400
Pension provisions 2,090 2,202
Other provisions 3,248 3,006
Financial debt 6,019 5,919
Lease debt 3,848 4,153
Deferred tax liabilities 196 11
Other non-current liabilities 228 361
Total non-current liabilities 15,629 15,652
Provisions 170 282
Current portion of financial debt 692 1,378
Current portion of lease debt 946 993
Trade payables 2,610 2,365
Deferred revenue on ticket sales 3,336 3,017
Frequent flyer programs 835 819
Other current liabilities 3,303 3,245
Bank overdrafts 15 6
Total current liabilities 11,907 12,105
Total equity and liabilities 30,828 30,157

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows from 1st January until 30th September 2018

In million euros 30 Sep 2018 30 Sep 2017
Net income from continuing operations 629 1,101
Net income from discontinued operations 0 -8
Amortization, depreciation and operating provisions 2,149 2,098
Financial provisions 93 91
Loss (gain) on disposals of tangible and intangible assets -18 -17
Loss (gain)on disposals of subsidiaries and associates 1 -2
Derivatives - non monetary result 25 44
Unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses, net 118 -675
Impairment 0 0
Other non-monetary items -283 213
Share of (profits) losses of associates -6 -16
Deferred taxes 187 368
Financial Capacity 2,895 3,197
Of which discontinued operations 0 0
(Increase) / decrease in inventories -102 -15
(Increase) / decrease in trade receivables -471 -486
Increase / (decrease) in trade payables 222 62
Change in other receivables and payables 361 630
Change in working capital requirements 10 191
Change in working capital from discontinued operations 0 0
Net cash flow from operating activities 2,905 3,388
Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets -2,138 -1,947
Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets 96 84
Proceeds on disposal of subsidiaries, of shares in non-controlled entities 5 3
Acquisition of subsidiaries, of shares in non-controlled entities -9 -7
Dividends received 4 2
Decrease (increase) in net investments, more than 3 months 5 -276
Net cash flow used in investing activities of discontinued operations 0 0
Net cash flow used in investing activities -2,037 -2,141
Increase of capital 0 0
Repurchase of perpetual (including premium) -211 0
Issuance of debt 532 560
Repayment on financial debt -1,182 -801
Payments on leases debt -736 -746
Decrease (increase ) in loans, net -52 -74
Dividends and coupons on perpetual paid -12 -1
Net cash flow used in financing activities of discontinued operations 0 0
Net cash flow from financing activities -1,661 -1,062
Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts 2 -26
Effect of exch. rate on cash and cash eq. and bank overdrafts of disc. ops. 0 0
Change in cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts -791 159
Cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts at beginning of period 4,667 3,933
Cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts at end of period 3,876 4,092
Change in treasury of discontinued operations 0 0

Key Performance Indicators

EBITDA

  Third Quarter Nine Months
In millions euros 2018 2017 2018 2017
Income from current operations 1,065 1,142 1,292 1,695
Amortization, depreciation and provisions 707 711 2,149 2,098
EBITDA 1,771 1,853 3,441 3,793

Restated net income - Group part       

  Third Quarter Nine Months
In million euros 2018 2017 2018 2017
Net income - Group part 786 641 627 1,091
Net income from discontinued operations 0 0 0 8
Unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses, net -157 -214 -49 -675
Change in fair value of financial assets and liabilities (derivatives) -14 3 -74 -15
Non-current income and expenses -21 315 6 307
Depreciation of shares available for sale 57 -23 35 111
De-recognition of deferred tax assets 0 0 0 0
Restated net income - Group part 651 722 545 827
Coupons on perpetual -6 -6 -18 -18
Restated net income - Group part, including coupons on perpetual (used to calculate earnings per share) 645 716 527 809
Restated net income per share (in €) 1.51 2.12 1.23 2.71

Return on capital employed (ROCE)1

In million euros 30 Sep 2018 30 Sep 2017 30 Sep 2017 30 Sep 2016
Goodwill and intangible assets 1,390 1,329 1,329 1,254
Flight equipment 10,187 9,740 9,740 8,878
Other property, plant and equipment 1,462 1,377 1,377 1,405
Right of use assets 5,361 5,744 5,744 5,778
Investments in equity associates 299 303 303 78
Financial assets excluding shares available for sale, marketable securities and financial deposits 123 105 105 91
Provisions, excluding pension, cargo litigation and restructuring -3,002 -2,715 -2,715 -2,524
WCR, excluding market value of derivatives -5,865 -5,806 -5,806 -5,453
Capital employed 9,955 10,077 10,077 9,507
Average capital employed (A) 10,016 9,792
Income from current operations 1,533 1,883
- Dividends received -2 -3
- Share of profits (losses) of associates 10 7
- Normative income tax -458 -561
Income from current operations after tax (B) 1,083 1,326
ROCE, trailing 12 months (B/A) 10.8% 13.5%

Net debt

  Balance sheet at
In million euros 30 Sep 2018 31 Dec 2017
Current and non-current financial debt 6,369 6,955
Deposits on aircraft under finance lease 4,710 5,060
Financial assets pledged (OCEANE swap) 0 0
Currency hedge on financial debt 11 19
Accrued interest -63 -76
Gross financial debt (A) 11,027 11,958
Cash and cash equivalents 3,891 4,674
Marketable securities 73 73
Cash pledges 264 269
Deposits (bonds) 465 379
Bank overdrafts -15 -6
Other 0 -2
Net cash (B) 4,678 5,387
Net debt (A) - (B) 6,349 6,571

Adjusted operating free cash flow

  Third Quarter Nine Months
In million euros 2018 2017 2018 2017
Net cash flow from operating activities, continued operations 759 959 2,905 3,388
Investment in property, plant, equipment and intangible assets -604 -608 -2,138 -1,947
Proceeds on disposal of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets 50 11 96 84
Operating free cash flow 205 362 863 1,525
Payments on lease debt -219 -241 -736 -746
Adjusted operating free cash flow -14 121 127 779

Unit cost: net cost per EASK

  Third Quarter Nine Months
  2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenues (in €m) 7,545 7,257 19,977 19,589
Income/(loss) from current operations (in €m) -1,065 -1,142 -1,292 -1,695
Total operating expense (in €m) 6,480 6,115 18,685 17,894
Passenger network business - other revenues (in €m) -255 -199 -669 -580
Cargo business - other revenues (in €m) -76 -66 -219 -193
Third-party revenues in the maintenance business (in €m) -489 -447 -1,430 -1,336
Transavia - other revenues (in €m) 0 0 -11 -9
Third-party revenues of other businesses (in €m) -10 -12 -28 -31
Net cost  (in €m) 5,650 5,391 16,328 15,745
Capacity produced, reported in EASK* 98,030 95,844 270,908 265,744
Net cost per EASK (in € cents per EASK) 5.76 5.63 6.03 5.92
Gross change   2.4%   1.7%
Currency effect on net costs (in €m)   -34   -377
Change at constant currency   3.0%   4.2%
Fuel price effect (in €m)   223   466
Change on a constant currency and fuel price basis   -1.0%   1.2%
Change in pension-related expenses (in €m)   0   13
Net cost per EASK on a constant currency, fuel price and pension-related expenses basis (in € cents per EASK) 5.76 5.82 6.03 5.96
Change on a constant currency, fuel price and pension-related expenses basis   -1.0%   +1.1%

* The capacity produced by the transportation activities is combined by adding the capacity of the Passenger network (in ASK) to that of Transavia (in ASK) and the Cargo business (in ATK) converted into EASK based on a separate fixed factor for Air France and for KLM..

Airline results

Air France Group Third Quarter Nine Months
  2018 Change 2018 Change
Revenue (in €m) 4,580 +3.5% 12,058 +0.4%
EBITDA (in €m) 951 -69 1,695 -403
Operating result (en m€) 493 -66 328 -418
Operating margin (%) 10.8% -1.9 pt 2.7% -3.5 pt
Operating cash flow before WCR and restructuring cash out (in €m) 883 -33 1,519 -318
Operating cash flow (before WCR and restructuring) margin 19.3% -1.4 pt 12.6% -2.7 pt

KLM Group
KLM Group
Third Quarter Nine Months
  2018 Change 2018 Change
Revenue (in €m) 3,110 +5.2% 8,292 +5.0%
EBITDA (in €m) 818 -17 1,734 +32
Operating result (en m€) 573 -15 960 -7
Operating margin (%) 18.4% -1.5 pt 11.6% -0.7 pt
Operating cash flow before WCR and restructuring cash out (in €m) 704 -61 1,491 -13
Operating cash flow (before WCR and restructuring) margin 22.6% -3.3 pt 18.0% -1.1 pt

NB: Sum of individual airline results does not add up to Air France-KLM total due to intercompany eliminations at Group level

Group fleet at 30th of September 2018

Aircraft type AF
(incl. HOP)
KLM
(incl. KLC & MP)
Transavia Owned Finance  lease Operating lease Total In operation Change /  31/12/17
B747-400   12   12     12 12 -1
B777-300 43 14   10 25 22 57 57  
B777-200 25 15   24 1 15 40 40  
B787-9 6 13   4 3 12 19 19 4
A380-800 10     1 4 5 10 10  
A340-300 6     6     6 6 -1
A330-300   5       5 5 5  
A330-200 15 8   11   12 23 23  
Total Long-Haul 105 67 0 68 33 71 172 172 2
B737-900   5   1 1 3 5 5  
B737-800   27 67 25 10 59 94 93 6
B737-700   18 8 3 8 15 26 26  
A321 20     11   9 20 20  
A320 43     3 5 35 43 43 1
A319 35     20 2 13 35 35 -3
A318 18     12 6   18 18  
Total Medium-Haul 116 50 75 75 32 134 241 240 4
ATR72-600 6         6 6 6  
ATR72-500 2       1 1 2 2 -1
ATR42-500 7     3   4 7 7 -4
Canadair Jet 1000 14     14     14 14  
Canadair Jet 700 11     11     11 8 -3
Embraer 190 10 32   7 14 21 42 42 2
Embraer 175   17   3 14   17 17 5
Embraer 170 15     9 1 5 15 15  
Embraer 145 18     14 4   18 13  
Total Regional 83 49 0 61 34 37 132 124 -1
B747-400ERF   3   3     3 3  
B747-400BCF   1   1     1 1  
B777-F 2     2     2 2  
Total Cargo 2 4 0 6 0 0 6 6 0
                   
Total 306 170 75 210 99 242 551 542 5



[1] Since January 1st, 2018, Air France-KLM Group has applied the new accounting standards IFRS 9, 15 and 16. For the purpose of comparison, the Group consolidated financial statements have been restated as of 1st January 2017.

[2] Passenger and Transavia, change at constant currency

[3] See note page 4

1 At constant currency

 1 At constant currency

1 Net Income - group "one-off elements" in 2017:

  • Positive effect after tax of €98 million in Q3 2017 and €339 million in the first nine months 2017, resulting from IFRS 16 restatement of lease debt in dollars,
  • Non current expense impact of €233 million after tax in Q3 2017 related to KLM Cabin pension plan de-recognition.

Excluding these incidentals, the change of the Net result, group share is of +€10 million for Q3 2018, and -€358 million for the first 9 months of 2018 compared to last year

1 Sliding 12 months

2 Of which €194.5 m as part of the tender offer launched on 3 September 2018 and  €2.2 m by agreement ("de gré à gré") at the same price

1 Based on the forward curves of 26th of October 2018, average Brent price of USD 75 for 2018 and USD 76 for 2019, jet fuel price including into plane of USD 756 per ton 2018 and USD 799 per ton 2019 and and a EUR/USD exchange rate of 1.18 in 2018 and 1.16 in 2019

1 The ROCE definition has been updated within the framework of IFRS 16 implementation. The asset value linked to the aircraft lease contracts now corresponds to the net book value of the right-of-use asset of all the lease contracts. Moreover, the "operating result, adjusted for operating leases" no longer existing having been replaced by "income from current operations" which, thanks to IFRS 16 implementation, no longer includes the financial cost of lease contracts. Finally, the Group now uses a normative income tax rate, calculated according to the tax rates applied in France and in the Netherlands.

HUG#2223135